Vision India 2025

Will the Elephant Dance?



By Raju Rao

Chennai, India



Many futuristic vision documents have been published in India at the country or state levels and by various agencies. The most well-known of them is India Vision 2020. Translating the vision into reality is a real challenge considering the complexity, issues and size of the nation.

How can project management as a practice help in achieving this vision? This aspect has been explored earlier by the author who resulted in papers, presentations at conferences and books. The objective of this paper is to review the status of application of project management for achieving India Vision 2020 and going beyond, looking at the year 2025.It will be a critical gap analysis of achievements so far in project management field in India vis-a-vis the goal. The framework for analysis will be the reports of the Boston Consulting Group, books by Prof Abdul Kalam & Prof Y S Rajan and other research material on the subject. Key factors that will be explored will include complexity, scaling-up, organizational project management etc. Current initiatives like Make in India, (Pradhan Mantri Dhan Jan Yojana (PMDJY), Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and various other programs in the Power / Infrastructure sector will be used as a basis for evaluation.

The analysis will focus on assessing current capabilities in project management in India and the steps that we need to take to reach the goal as a nation in 2025.

Keywords: India and its future, India Vision 2025

India Vision 2020 /2025

Various initiatives have been taken to generate vision documents for the year 2020 and beyond. These exercises have started around early 2000 and are still continuing. A synopsis of some of them is mentioned below.

One way to address the process of creating a vision is to consider alternative scenarios which WEF/ CII did so in their report in 2010. (8)

  • Bolly World is a story of how initial economic success becomes unsustainable, and domestic social and demographic pressures soon trigger an economic reversal.
  • Pahale India (“India First”) describes how a widely shared vision for India’s future aligns national aspirations and creates common goals.
  • Atakta Bharat (“India getting stuck”), the global economy slows, offering few benefits to India, while within India there is little and uneven development.

A high-level strategic group along with Boston Consulting Group and AIMA / CII in 2005 (2) identified three areas for action as those that will have the highest priority and will have the most impact.

  • Marketing India
  • Educating and Training the Indian Workforce
  • Connecting India (Telecom, IT, airports)


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Editor’s note: Second Editions are previously published papers that have continued relevance in today’s project management world, or which were originally published in conference proceedings or in a language other than English.  Original publication acknowledged; authors retain copyright.  This paper was originally presented at the PMI India National Project Management Conference in Mumbai, India in 2016 and included in the conference proceedings.  It is republished here with the author’s permission.

How to cite this paper: Rao, R. (2016). Vision India 2025 – Will the Elephant Dance? Second Editions; PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue I (January). Available online at https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/pmwj78-Jan2019-Rao-Vision-India-2015-Will-the-Elephant-Dance.pdf


About the Author

Raju Rao

Chennai, India




Raju Rao, PMP, SCPM, OPM3 Certified Professional, is a social entrepreneur and a project management evangelist. He is the Founder of the Forum for Food Recovery and Xtraplus Solutions, a PM consulting and training company based in Chennai, India. Mr Rao has a B.Tech degree in Chemical Engineering from the National Institute of Technology,Trichy,India; an Advanced PM certificate from Stanford University; and a certificate from IIM Calcutta. He has more than 40 years’ experience in engineering, process and project management and has been an active member of PMI for several years. He has held leadership positions in standards development, developing systems for awards governance, been a jury and has reviewed and mentored speakers for global congresses.Raju has been a President of South India section of AACE International.

Mr Rao has been a visiting and adjunct faculty for engineering and business schools in India. Raju is a member of Toastmasters International and has mentored speakers on behalf of PMI for the North American Global Congress held in 2018. He has presented numerous papers in global congresses and is the co-author of two books – Project Management Circa 2025 published by PMI and Organizational Project Management published by Management Concepts, USA. He has been an International Correspondent for PM World Journal. He is also involved in writing fiction and has recently authored a novelette ‘Triumph at Last’.

Raju Rao lives in Chennai, India and can be contacted at www.xtraplus.in or [email protected]