SPONSORS

SPONSORS

Valuation of the Impact of Sawmill Industry

on Ambient Air Quality in Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria

 

FEATURED PAPER

By Chicheta F. Nissi, PhD
Department of Estate Management
University of Uyo

and

Mbosowo Ebong Ekpo, Corresponding Author
Department of Estate Management,
Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic

Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

 



Abstract

The major problem in most towns and cities in Nigeria is that of ambient air pollution. Therefore, this work valued the impact of sawmill industry on ambient air quality in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Nigeria. The methodology involved the collection of detailed property information from housing units randomly selected in the study area. The major areas covered are Utu Ikpe, Utu EdemUsung, Nsiak, AbiakpoEdemIdim, Ikot Ekpene Main Town, Nkap, Ukana Ikot Ntuen. Moreover, a control point – Utu Ikot Ekpenyong, about 900m away from the study area was chosen. Ten (10) properties were sampled from each of the villages. For the purpose of this research, the average rental values per annum of the sampled properties were obtained using the current rental value. Findings revealed that a sawmill located in Utu community generates a lot of waste including saw dusts, wood barks, palm shavings, among others; which are disposed of through in-situ burning. In addition, activities and processes in the industry produce various gaseous pollutants that are continuously emitted into the atmosphere. The results obtained in this study are not only useful in providing information on the prevailing air quality but also justify the need for epidemiological research in the area to value the impact of continuous gaseous emissions from the sawmill on the populace.

Keywords: Valuation, Sawmill, Industry, Ambient Air Quality, Ikot Ekpene

1.0       Introduction

The contribution of industry to local and national economy in all facets is not in doubt. The impact of industrial activities is felt in a variety of ways. Presence of any industry in any community has recorded substantial impact on the economy in the area of employment generation, infrastructural provision and boost in the residents’ socio-economic status. On the other hand, concerns have been expressed over the years on the negative impacts of industries, most especially on the host communities (Needham and Louw, 2003; Louw et al., 2004, Olaleye and Oluyemi, 2009). Due to the fast growth recorded in the building construction sector, there has been high increase in the establishment of sawmills in different parts of the country to satisfy the growth demand for wood (Aroofor, 2000). Sawmills accounted for 93.32% of total number of wood-based industries in Nigeria in 2001 (Fawupe, 2003). These industries are mainly located in the wood producing rain forest areas of the country with largest concentrations in Lagos, Ekiti, Osun, Cross River, Akwa Ibom, Ogun and Delta States, accounting for 90% of all sawmills in the country (Dosunmu and Ajayi, 2002). The activities and processes in the sawmill industry produce known and unknown gaseous pollutants that are emitted into the atmosphere that may be hazardous to humans. Studies have shown that nasal cancer and asthma are highly associated with continuous exposure to wood dust and other substances that are used in the wood industry (Anavberokhai, 2008). The increased activities in these sawmills as well as the continuous emissions of these pollutants in the South-South Nigeria over the years have not been properly examined especially in the context of their impact on the ambient air quality. It is in this context that this study was carried out.

1.1       Aim

This work valued the impact of sawmill industry on ambient air quality in Ikot Ekpene with a view to providing information on environmental pollution in the study area and Nigeria at large. In order to achieve the stated aim, the following objectives were set;

1.2       Objectives

  • To explore the various methods of valuing environmental goods and services.
  • To examine the Challenges and opportunities of using the identified methods
  • To demonstrate the use of one of the methods so identified to value the impact of sawmill industry on ambient air quality in the study area.
  • To develop a model for determining Rental Values of properties in the Study area.

More…

To read entire paper, click here

 

How to cite this paper: Nissi, C. F. and Ekpo, M. E.  (2018). Valuation of the Impact of Sawmill Industry on Ambient Air Quality in Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria; PM World Journal, Vol. VII, Issue 7 – July. Available online at https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/pmwj72-Jul2018-Nissi-Ekpo-impact-of-sawmill-ambient-air-quality-featured-paper.pdf



About the Authors


Chicheta F. Nissi, PhD

Department of Estate Management,
University of Uyo
Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

 

 

 

Dr. Mrs. Chicheta F. Nissi holds a Bachelor degree in Estate Management from the University of Uyo, Nigeria. She holds both Masters and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Estate Management from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State in Nigeria.  She is an Associate of the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers, and a registered Estate Surveyor and Valuer. ESV. Chicheta F. Nissi is a Lecturer in the Department of Estate Management, University of Uyo, Uyo and can be contacted at [email protected].

 


Mbosowo Ebong Ekpo

Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic
Ikot Osurua, Ikot Ekpene
Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

 

 

ESV. Mbosowo Ebong Ekpo holds both the Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Estate Management from the University of Uyo, Nigeria. He is currently pursuing a Doctoral degree programme in Estate Management in the same university.  His area of interest is in Real Estate Investment Valuation. He is an Associate of the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers, and a registered Estate Surveyor and Valuer. ESV. Mbosowo Ebong is a Lecturer in the Department of Estate Management, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua and can be contacted at [email protected].