TIA Runway Overlay Project Failure: A Case Study from Nepal


By Shailesh Nepal

Port au Prince, Haiti

History of Tribhuvan International Airport:

As per Wikipedia, Tribhuvan International Airport (IATA: KTM, ICAO: VNKT) is an international airport in Kathmandu, Nepal. It is the sole international airport in Nepal and has one domestic and one international terminal. At present, about 30 international airlines connect Nepal to destinations in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The airport is about six kilometres from the city centre, in the Kathmandu valley.

The airport began as Gauchar Airport, named after the area of Kathmandu where it was situated. The formal beginning of aviation in Nepal occurred in 1949 with the landing of a lone, four-seater, Beechcraft Bonanza aircraft, carrying the Indian ambassador. The first charter flight took place between Gaucher and Calcutta, in a Himalayan Aviation Dakota on 20 February 1950.

In 1955, the airport was inaugurated by Ex-King Mahendra and renamed Tribhuvan Airport in memory of the king’s father. The airport was again renamed Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in 1964. The first jet aircraft to land at TIA was a Lufthansa Boeing 707, which touched down on the 2,000 m runway in 1967. Nepal Airlines Corporation commenced jet operations at the airport in 1972 with Boeing 727 aircraft.

Chronological Development of TIA Runway

Initially, there was 1,140m long grass runway. The original grass runway was re-laid in concrete in 1957 and extended from 1,140 m, to 2,000 m in 1967. The runway was again extended from 2,000 m to 3,000 m in 1975. In1985, the overlay of Runway 02/20 was done and in1987 Taxiway overlay was completed both with Hot Mixed Asphalt Concrete (HMAC). Though the need for Runway Overlay was experienced since early 2000, the last overlay was done during 2009-2011 with HMAC.


To read entire article (click here)

About the Author

SHAILESH NEPAL BIOflag-nepalShailesh Nepal

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Kathmandu, Nepal 

Shailesh Nepal is an active member of IPMA, Immediate Past President of Young Crew Nepal, Fellow member of American Academy of Project Management (AAPM), MPMTM & CIPMTM certified from AAPM, member of International Construction Project Management Association (ICPMA), and a founder and Managing Director of the Institute of Project Management Nepal (IPMN) Pvt. Ltd. He has served as Project Manager in several construction companies in Nepal. His recent project is in the capacity of Deputy Contract Manager on behalf of China Railway Engineering Corporation, China and Tundi Construction Nepal, JV for Runway and Taxiway Overlay Works of Nepal’s only International Airport.

Shailesh has been recognized internationally and awarded the IPMA International Young Project Manager of the Year Award for 2010. His specialism and innovative ground breaking techniques of project management have helped organizations to prosper and succeed in the challenging construction jobs in Nepal. In addition, he is dedicated to updating, enhancing and uplifting of the PM Profession through training and development as a Managing Director of IPMN Pvt. Ltd. in Nepal. Shailesh obtained his Bachelor Degree in Civil Engineering from the Institute of Engineering, Central Campus, Pulchowk in 2001. Since then, he has been involved in the Project Management Profession in various construction companies for roads, highways and airport rehabilitation projects. He believes in Professionalism, Integrity and Respect for diversity and believes that success only comes with dedication and hard work in the field. He can be contacted at [email protected].

To view other works by Shailesh Nepal, visit his author showcase in the PM World Library at http://pmworldlibrary.net/authors/shailesh-nepal/.