The Importance of Project Management Methodologies and Tools in Non-Governmental Organizations: Case Study of Lithuania and Germany



By Meda Keleckaite


Assoc. Prof. Evelina Meiliene

Kaunas University of Technology

Kaunas, Lithuania



Certification bodies, the managerial and academic literature, and general practice indicate that organizations willing to succeed in managing projects need to be compliant with certain rules, practices and methodologies (Golini R., Kalchschmidt M., Landoni P., 2014).

The main aim of this research is to compare the level of awareness and application of PM methodologies and tools in NGOs of two socially, politically and economically distant countries – Lithuania and Germany. There was a scientific literature analysis made to define project management methodologies, its’ benefits and current situation of PM challenges NGO sector has to face. Moreover, a survey of 100 NGOs project managers was held to assess the level of awareness and application of PM methodologies and tools in NGOs. There was also a correlation analysis made to appraise the determining factors of usage of PM methodology and software.

This research will contribute to NGOs’ decision making process about application of PM methodologies and tools. Research results could be also used by PM consulting and Software companies, editors of PM guidelines.

Key words: NGOs; project management; project management methodologies

JEL code: L3



There are thousands of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) actively working in Lithuania and Germany. Their ability to fulfil society needs depends increasingly on project-based funding. Nevertheless, while the livelihoods of many people depend on NGOs’ ability to deliver project results effectively and efficiently, project management (PM) is rarely identified as a strategic priority for these organizations (PM4NGOs, 2013). Despite the fact that there are PM tools and methodologies created and adapted exclusively for NGOs, there is still no significant evidence on wide application in this sector.

The NGO sector is extremely diverse, heterogeneous and populated by organizations with hugely varied size, scope, targets, structures and motivations. Therefore, they face a lot of challenges which, together with absence of proper PM methodology, usually cause poor project planning, scarcity of accountability and stakeholder involvement, complexity of inter-related tasks, superficial risk management strategies, unmotivated project team and eventually – bad quality, losses of time and money.

This research seeks to analyse current NGOs’ project management challenges, to introduce the reader with the variety of PM standards and tools, to prove the benefits of PM methodology and depict situation of the awareness and usage of different PM methodologies and tools in NGOs of Lithuania and Germany.

The research methods used in the article include the scientific literature review, survey based on questionnaire and correlation analysis.


To read entire paper (click here)


Editor’s note: Second Editions are previously published papers that have continued relevance in today’s project management world, or which were originally published in conference proceedings or in a language other than English. Original publication acknowledged; authors retain copyright. This paper was originally presented at the 4th Scientific Conference on Project Management in the Baltic States, University of Latvia, April 2015. It is republished here with the permission of the author and conference organizers.


About the Authors

pmwj36-Jul2015-Keleckaite-PHOTOMeda Keleckaite – Andrijauskiene

Kaunas, Lithuania

 Lithuania - small flag


Meda Keleckaite – Andrijauskiene is currently working in the field of project management in NGOs and also is a member of an international evaluation team for quality assessment in higher education in Lithuania. She has gained a bachelor degree in economics with a specialization in international economics and trade. Later on, she continued with the double master’s degree in project management by combining studies in Lithuania and Germany. The scientific interests of the author are related to project management methods for non-governmental organisations, social and economic effectiveness of projects, emigration and labor market.

Meda Keleckaite – Andrijauskiene can be contacted at [email protected]


Assoc. Prof. Evelina Meiliene

Kaunas University of Technology,
Kaunas, Lithuania

Lithuania - small flag



Profile to be added shortly