SPONSORS

SPONSORS

SITProMP

A Simplistic Approach towards Managing IT Projects

 

FEATURED PAPER

By Monjur Ahmed, Arthur Maria do Valle and Guss Wilkinson

Waikato Institute of Technology (Wintec)

Hamilton, New Zealand

 



Abstract

Simplistic IT Project Management Practice (SITProMP) is a generic framework towards IT Project Management or ITPM. ITPM is somewhat different than Project Management in other fields. There exists several principles, methodologies and approaches for managing projects. SITProMP considers existing approaches towards PM and presents a simplistic principle-based framework for ITPM. SITProMP offers agility and proposes to manage IT projects through any suitable methodology, tools or approaches towards PM that may fit in. SITProMP complements all existing approaches and principles for ITPM; and can encapsulate all existing tools and technologies for ITPM. Though primary focus of SITProMP is on IT projects, it can be adapted to projects in any other fields, and thus customizable. The foundation for SITProMP is the existing knowledge bases in PM.

Keywords: IT Project, IT Project Management, Project Management, Project Management Principle.

Introduction

Project Management (PM) needs solid planned approach to maximise the probability of project success; as failure in IT projects largely are management related (Schmidt, Lyytinen, Keil & Cule, 1996). Projects are unique and there are several factors that must be planned to manage a project. PM has been given great deal of thought and research. Several tools, methodologies, principles and frameworks are available for PM. Summer (1999) states the PM methodology as a critical success factor. To the best of our knowledge, adequate research does not exist to find out the impact of using simplistic or complex approach towards PM and its subsequent impact on project success do.

To follow any specific framework or methodology, it is important that all the members of a project team should become familiar with the framework or methodology. It is a reality that people move around organisations, and people leave one to join another. The training to learn any PM framework or methodology incurs some overheads as they are not related to the projects themselves. Besides, when people switch to another job, if the organisation they join uses a different framework or methodology, they need to re-educate themselves to cope with the new job. This may not only be inconvenient for an employee but may also be an indirect contributing factor towards lower employee morale that does not essentially originating from any work environment; but rather from an overall context of the job marketplace and industry. A simple principle-based framework that does not require extensive training or rely on any of the existing tools for PM may help to overcome this issue. Besides, if a framework exists on which only a project manager is required to have expertise on and releases the necessity of extensive training for the rest of a project team; it might help a project team to focus more on the project activities instead of caring about the bits and pieces of the framework they are following. This is the motivation behind proposing SITProMP.

The rest of the paper is organised as follows: Existing approaches towards PM are discussed and analysed in Literature Review. The section SITProMP illustrates the framework presented in this paper. We discuss possible and planned further research in Future Developments section.

Literature Review

There are several structured approaches towards project management, either in the form of methodology, framework or principle. Each approach comes with its own standards, procedures and jargons. IT projects are distinct in that, technologies play an important role in IT projects (Orlikowski & Lacono, 2001). Unlike projects in all other fields, IT projects can be accomplished by a team of geographically dispersed people (Maznevski & Chudoba, 2008). Martinic, Fertalj and Kalpic (2012) argue that existing PM methodologies are not entirely suitable for IT projects involving virtual team (i.e. a geographically dispersed project team).

Some of the leading PM methodology of frameworks are PMBOK, PRINCE2 and CMMI. PMBOK is a widely accepted standard in PM which has 42 processes. All these processes are organised in five process groups (Fitsilis, 2007; Rdiouat, Nakabi, Kahtani & Semma, 2012). PRINCE2, which is a process-based approach towards PM, is structured around principles, themes and processes. It has seven principles, seven themes and seven processes (TSO, 2018). CMMI provides a PM framework for engineering projects. It comes with 22 process areas (Rdiouat et al. 2012).

More…

To read entire paper, click here

 

How to cite this paper: Ahmed, M; Valle, A.M.d.; Wilkiinson, G. (2019). SITProMP: A Simplistic Approach towards Managing IT Projects; PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue I (January).  Available online at https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/pmwj78-Jan2019-Ahmed-Valle-Wilkinson-SITProMP.pdf

 



About the Authors


Monjur Ahmed

Hamilton, New Zealand

 

 

 

Monjur Ahmed is a Lecturer at Centre for Information Technology (CFIT), Waikato Institute of Technology (Wintec), New Zealand. He holds BSc (Hons) in Computing and Information Systems from London Metropolitan University, UK; MS in Telecommunications from University of Information Technology & Sciences, Bangladesh; MSc in Electronics and Communications Engineering from University of Greenwich, UK; and PhD from Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. His doctoral research was on a distributed and decentralised security model for Cloud Computing. Monjur is an active researcher. His research interests are in IT/IS security focusing on both technological and human aspects, mainly in contemporary computing approaches (e.g. Cloud and Decentralised Computing, IoT, and Big Data). Monjur has over 10 years of teaching experience in New Zealand, United Kingdom, China and Bangladesh. He has also facilitated several workshops globally. Monjur can be contacted at Monjur.Ah[email protected]

 


Arthur Valle

New Zealand

 

 

 

Arthur Maria do Valle is a Senior Academic Staff Member in the Centre for Information Technology (CFIT) at Waikato Institute of Technology (Wintec), where he is also the IT Research Leader. Arthur has a PhD in Production and System Engineering from Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR) in Brazil. As his thesis, he developed a method for applying Process Mining techniques in software process assessments. Arthur has industry and academic background in topics such as Lean Six Sigma; Continuous Improvement; Business Process Management; Software Development; Quality Management; Operations Management; Performance Measurement, Project Management; Service Management and Strategy. As a former senior IT consultant for the last 18 years, Arthur had been involved in 15+ successful CMMI-based improvement programs in Brazil and abroad. Arthur can be contacted at [email protected]

 


Guss Wilkinson

New Zealand

 

 

 

 Gustav (Guss) Wilkinson is a Chartered IT Professional with 18-years’ experience in management, governance, business analysis and project management within the utilities, health and education sectors. Originally from Stockholm, Sweden, Guss started his career as an Optometrist but re-educated on moving to New Zealand in the end of 1996, gaining a PhD in Management systems. Guss can be contacted at [email protected]