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Effects of Project Manager Leadership Style on Employees’ Job Satisfaction in Construction Projects in Pakistan KP Region

By Bilal Khan, Saif ul Amin, Muhammad Shakil Ahmad, Abdul Wahid Sherani

Pakistan


Abstract

An effective leadership style is a perquisite for job satisfaction of employee and organizational performance.  Countless research studies have been conducted for determining the Impact of transformational and transactional leadership style on the job satisfaction but are few in construction sector projects in Pakistan KP region. Therefore, the present also aims to assess the impact of transformational and transactional leadership style on job satisfaction in construction sector projects in Pakistan KP region.

Data was collected from a sample of 183 respondents through an adopted questionnaire.  The collected data was subjected to reliability test, descriptive calculation, correlation, and regression analysis.

The findings of the study show that both leadership styles have a positive and significant relationship with job satisfaction. But transformational leadership has a more significant impact on job satisfaction of employees in construction sector of Pakistan KP region.

Keywords: Leadership style, Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership,  Job satisfaction, KP, Pakistan.

Introduction

Human resources are considered as the most important resources for every organization. Most organizations are putting focus on deeply studying the leadership. Leadership is an important concept that plays an important role in both organizational development as well as in making and maintaining high performing teams. But in today’s era due to environmental complexities and the diverse nature of organizations leaders face many challenges. It is leaders who motivate and encourage their followers to accomplish the organizational goals who are successful. Both leaders and employees are the most important resources for every organization. Motivated and satisfied employees increase the performance of the organization. Leaders have the ability to change the behavior of their followers and to keep them satisfied and motivated towards the achievement of organizational goals. The mutual understanding between leaders and employees can give birth to innovations. Leadership is one of those factors that has positive and negative impacts on employees’ job satisfaction. This research is also based upon examining the impact of leadership styles on the employees’ job satisfaction

According to Hui, Jenatabadi, Ismail, & Mohamed (2013), the teacher job satisfaction can be made higher by employing the decision making style by the principals to be adopted. The studies conducted by Sadeghi & Pihie (2013) describe that by adopting transformational leadership behavior administrators and heads of departments may increase the level of job satisfaction of lecturers.

The higher the quality of leadership, the more effective and efficient will be management of the people (Albion & Gagliardi, 2007). With help of leadership, organizational human resources are well connected with each other and work together. Most organizations are busy nowadays in familiarizing themselves with leadership and to improve leadership. In this era, transformational leadership plays a vital role in the organization and this style is considered a modern leadership style. A researcher argues that transformational leadership is an effective and systematic process which moves the behaviors of people towards organizational goal achievement (Hall et al., 2008).Leaders may have positive or negative impacts on the employees. The leaders have to change their rigid autocratic style and bring a friendly environment in the organization if they want to have positive impacts on employees (Dess et al., 1998).

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About the Authors


pmwj48-Jul2016-Khan-et al-BILAL KHAN
Bilal Khan

Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

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Bilal Khan
is working as a teacher at private section KP, Pakistan. Bilal has a Graduate degree in Project Management from COMSATS (CIIT), Pakistan. His research areas include digital communication, Project management, Leadership, Finance, Entrepreneurship and interdisciplinary/experimental approaches to teaching ESP, education, and new technologies. Bilal can be contacted at [email protected]

 

pmwj48-Jul2016-Khan-et al-UL AMIN
Saif ul Amin

Nowshera, KP, Pakistan.

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Saif ul Amin
is a project management specialist and research scholar who works in the public sector of Pakistan. Saif graduated from the COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan with the MS degree in Project Management. He has been interested in conducting researches in project performance, project human resource management, leadership style and behaviors, new technologies, project team performance, engagement and team building. Feedback for improvement is always welcome at [email protected]

 

pmwj48-Jul2016-Khan-et al-AHMAD
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

Attock, Punjab, Pakistan.

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Dr. Muhammad Shakil Ahmad
is a PhD degree holder in Management and a Research Focal Person (ORIC) in the Department of Management Sciences in COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Attock, Pakistan. He has almost 26 publications in the research field. He is also working as a professor in the COMSATS Institute of IT. His main research interests are SPSS, Governance, Community Empowerment, Higher Education and Descriptive Statistics. Email address: [email protected]

 

pmwj48-Jul2016-Khan-et al-SHERANI
Abdul Wahid Sherani

Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

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Mr. Abdul Wahid Sherani
is specialized in finance field. He has done MS in Finance from Islamia College University Peshawar. His main interests in research are in the fields of finance, management, project management and leadership. He is also working as a lecturer in Muslim Educational Complex Peshawar and University of Peshawar. Email address: [email protected]