Project Management Insights from Bhagavad Gita


Dr. Goparaju Purna Sudhakar, PhD

The ICFAI University Group

Hyderabad, India


In the current day changing global business scenarios, employee confidence, assertiveness, job satisfaction and work-life balance are very much important for global organizations. There is evidence of current day organizations using Bhagavad Gita to achieve these objectives. These are not the only applications of Bhagavad Gita. It can also give insights on project management. In this article, project management insights such as project management framework, project stakeholders, task characteristics, project execution, project leader characteristics and project team member characteristics and behavior are derived. It is applicable to project human resources management knowledge area. The concepts derived indicate the reliance of ancient scripts even in current day global business scenario.

  1. About Bhagavad Gita

Bhagavad Gita is the essence of all puranas. It is very simple and assertive. One can get insights from Bhagavad Gita with key observation. There are many insights and secretes hidden in Bhagavad Gita. Every word in Bhagavad Gita is taught in a positive attitude and positive essence. Bhagavad Gita consists of 18 chapters known as adhyayas. It consists of 700 slokas written in Sanskrit. The broader context of Bhagavad Gita is the epic Mahabharata. Bhagavad Gita was told by Lord Krishna to Arjuna and was watched by Sanjaya with the divya drishti given by the Veda Vyasa. Bhagavad Gita as part of Mahabharata was scripted by Veda Vyasa. Researchers express that it was scripted between 2nd and 5th century BC. There are different perspectives or claims over the date of authorship of Bhagavad Gita.

  1. Introduction

Bhagavad Gita talks more about project strategies, project leadership, individual characteristics, and project culture. The broader project context and environment can be found from Mahabharata. There were many scholarly who has brought management effectiveness, strategy and leadership insights from Bhagavad Gita in the literature. According to my knowledge and search on Google and Google Scholar, till now, none of the researchers or practitioners have tried to bring the project management insights from the ancient Bhagavad Gita. This is my journey towards the exploration of Bhagavad Gita seeking the insights for the growing and emerging discipline Project Management. In broad, Bhagavad Gita gives more about individual values, behavior and capabilities and leadership qualities required for project performance, success and effectiveness. In this article, to express the Kauravas as enemies of Pandavas, the word “competitorsis used to have business sense. These insights are useful not only in Indian context, but also in global context as more research and exploration was carried out on Bhagavad Gita in western world as well. Many global corporations and MNCs are looking for ways to improve them employee work-life balance, self-confidence, assertiveness, job satisfaction, loyalty, personality development, ethics and commitment using Bhagavad Gita. This is very much applicable in dynamically changing global economic and business scenarios.

In this article, the stakeholders of the project, project management concepts derived from Bhagavad Gita, project management framework derived from Bhagavad Gita, task characteristics, project execution, project leader characteristics and individual team member characteristics are discussed. 


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About the Author

pmwj24-jul2014-Sudhakar-AUTHOR IMAGEDr. Goparaju Purna Sudhakarflag-india

Hyderabad, India 

Dr Goparaju Purna Sudhakar, M.Tech, Executive MBA, PMP, MIMA, ADM, PhD, with over a decade of experience in IT industry is currently working as Faculty Member at The ICFAI University Group, Hyderabad, India. Earlier he worked as Sr. Faculty and Head (In-Charge), IT Division at Engineering Staff College of India, Hyderabad and Consulting Editor at ICFAI Research Center, The ICFAI University, Hyderabad, India. He worked in USA, UK, Ireland, Finland and India as Software Professional. He has B.Sc., MCA, M.Tech and Executive MBA. He is Project Management Professional (PMP®) certified from Project Management Institute (PMI), USA. He was awarded PhD in Business Administration from Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), India. He is member of All India Management Association (AIMA).

He worked as employee or consultant to companies such as IBM, Siemens, Interwoven, Wipro Technologies, Citicorp, Nokia, Salomon Smith Barney, SIAC, DSET Corporation, IONA Technologies, Birla-Horizons International, and PCL Mindware.  He held both managerial and technical roles in IT industry. He worked as Project Manager at Citicorp Overseas Software Ltd (COSL), Hyderabad during 2001-03. He worked as Systems Manager at Wipro Technologies during 1999-01. The reuse domain software product he managed, Scorpus was identified as one among the top 100 IT innovations by NASSCOM (2007).

He worked in Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI), Telecom, E-Commerce, Enterprise Content Management, Enterprise Software Asset Management (ESAM), Health Care and HR domains. He has extensive experience in project management, program management, general management, quality management, business process re-engineering, HRM, Organizational Behavior and human aspects of project management. He has wide experience in management consulting.

He has over 60 published papers. His papers were published in International Journal of Project Management Research (IPMA, Netherlands), Team Performance Management (Emerald, UK), Acta Universitatis Danubius. Economica, Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Univesity of Iasi: Economic Sciences, The annals of the Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava (Romania), The Serbian Journal of Management, Journal of Enterprise Information Management (Emerald, UK), Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems (Netherlands), CSI Communications (Computer Society of India), HRM Review (ICFAI University Press), Indian Management, The Global Educator, Express Computer, Projects and Profits (ICFAI University Press), www.pmhub.net, Computers Today, and The Hindu, Businessgyan, and Business & Management Chronicle.

He has authored or edited 16 books. He authored Global Organizational Behavior (Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 2012), Project Management FAQ (Galgotia, 2012), Elements of Software Project Management (Prentice-Hall, 2010),   Project Management: Training Manual (Akansha Publishing House, 2010), Business Essentials for Software Professionals (Excel Books, 2008), and edited 10 other books.  He has written about Project Management, Organizational Behavior, Human Aspects of Project Management, General Management and IT industry.

He is on the Editorial Board of International Journal Acta Universitatis Danubius. Economica (Romania) and International Journal Revista de Gestão & Projetos – GEP, a Brazilian Journal in Management and Projects. He is also an article reviewer for peer reviewed International Journal Team Performance Management (Emerald, UK, 2011).

He worked as Executive Vice President and President of VSPGS alumni association. He is recipient of Scholarship from Ministry of HRD, Government of India for 18 months during his M.Tech (Computer Science) at Devi Ahilya University, Indore, India. He has done an academic project at National Informatics Center (NIC), Hyderabad during 1993-94. In his spare time, He spends with his family. He is married and has two children. His hobbies include photography, gardening, reading, writing and seeing places. He can be reached at [email protected].