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The Project Management Culture: International Lessons and Kazakhstan’s Experience

FEATURED PAPER

By Alexey Ph. Tsekhovoy, Natalya An. Nekrassova

and Lidiya Iv. Karmazina

Almaty, Kazakhstan
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The development paradigm 

It is obvious that in current dynamically developing economic environment, effective management system organization has become the key competitive advantage.

Project Management is a part of the management activity system. Moreover, Project Management assures implementation of purposeful changes in organizations, companies, and the whole social-economic system, being a powerful instrument for the development of new products and services. It could be seen as a “multi-purpose key” to the process of creation.

This feature of modern project management gives versatility to this kind of professional activity. Project Management is not confined only within project boundaries; it can be applied to management of any objects, even without obvious project features. About 40% of socially useful activity is implemented only through various projects and programs [1]. At the same time Project Management tools have been successfully applied for managing industrial processes, operational activities, and public administration. Due to its indisputable advantages this multifunctional approach is widely used in business management, government and society, both within the separate companies as well as whole economy sectors.

In other words Project Management has become systemic and provides tangible results in all fields of application, and this explains its growing popularity. Born in the 1950s of the last century in the United States, Project Management rapidly spread worldwide and has become the only globally recognized knowledge field that teaches one how to achieve goals. During gradual development of Project Management as an independent field of professional activity, its own standardized mechanisms, methodologies, tools and standards were developed.

We can confidently assert that the application of project-based management approaches in countries with developed economies to a great extent has determined their dynamic development and high competitiveness. Thus, currently this management culture is a kind of “bridge” for professionals for civilized business cooperation among countries from the different continents and historical context. This is a philosophy and a contemporary paradigm of managerial and professional activities. This way of thinking: “If I know this methodology, I will be successful in any business” [2].

Success Formula 

Project management continues to possess peoples’ minds. More and more organizations realize that this type of management is fundamental to the implementation of business strategy. In today’s economy where it seems the competition is at its height, and life cycles of individual goods are calculated by months or even weeks, the application of Project Management technology is necessary not only for prosperity, but also for survival of almost every business enterprise.

The definition of management given by Terry Gibson, a known expert in the field of modern management as “the art of achieving goals with limited resources” [3] with good reason could be extended to project management. And this is the success formula: the right project management system following the creation and innovation path in various sectors of the economy and production allows one to properly plan and successfully implement projects, while optimizing costs time, money and human resources without deviating from planned quality of the final product. Triple bottom line (triple constraint) quality, time and budget are always manageable by one who knows how to apply Project Management tools. This is confirmed by the practical application of project management in various areas of modern management. 

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About the Authors

flag-almaty-kazakhstanpmwj20-mar2014-tsekhovoy-AUTHOR1 TSEKHOVOYDr. Alexey Ph. Tsekhovoy 

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Alexey Tsekhovoy is president of the Union of Project Managers of the Republic of Kazakhstan (UPM RK), and Director of the International project management science Center at the Kazakh National University after K.I. Satpaev (KazNTU).  He holds a D.Sc. in engineering and is professor of KazNTU after K.I. Satpaev. 

Dr. Tsekhovoy graduated from Kazakh Mining and Metallurgical Institute, defended his doctoral thesis at the Moscow State Mining University, and has worked as a teacher, head of department, dean of the faculty, the First Deputy Chairman of the State Attestation Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan.  At this time he is coordinator and supervisor of fundamental research papers on information and communication technologies in subsurface and management. He has performed expert work on assessing realization government programs “E-government” and “Reduction of information inequality”. He managed several projects for the United Nations Development Program in the field of information and communication technologies.

Since 2003 he has been actively engaged in the promotion of prospective area for Kazakhstan – project management. With his direct participation, the Kazakhstan state classifier introduced a new direction – project management, that has started training of masters and doctors in “Project Management” in the education system. He was initiator and organizer of First and Second Forums “Project Management in Central Asia” (2009, 2012). He is one of the founders of Consulting and Research Organizations Consortium in Kazakhstan (2012). Dr. Tsekhovoy can be contacted at [email protected]

flag-almaty-kazakhstanpmwj20-mar2014-tsekhovoy-AUTHOR2 NEKRASSOVANatalya An. Nekrassova

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Natalya Nekrassova is Executive Director of the Union of Project Managers of Kazakhstan (since 2003). She is engaged in the promotion of technology project management in Kazakhstan. She leads consulting projects for strategic and project management and has authored more than 20 scientific articles. Master of Science in “Project Management”. Academician of International Informatization Academy, a member of Project management Institute.  She can be contacted by E-mail at [email protected].

flag-almaty-kazakhstanpmwj20-mar2014-tsekhovoy-AUTHOR3 KARMAZINADr. Lidiya Iv. Karmazina 

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Dr. Lidiya Karmazina is Director of Development Department in the Union of Project Managers of Kazakhstan (since 2011). She is engaged in the promotion of technology project management in Kazakhstan, leading various consulting projects for strategic and project management.  She has authored more than 70 scientific articles, collective monographs. She holds a D.Sc. in political science, is academician of International Informatization Academy, and is a member of the Russian Political Science Association. Dr. Karmazina can be contacted via email at [email protected].