Project Integration Management: The knowledge area exclusively for the Project Manager


By Dr. T D Jainendrakumar

Madhyapradesh, India

Project Integration management is the knowledge area exclusively for the use of project managers. All of us know that the project managers are also called as integrators. The project integration includes the processes and activities needed to identify, define, combine, unify, & coordinate the various     processes     &     project     management activities within the project management process groups. This Includes characteristic of unification, consolidation, articulation & integrative actions that are crucial to project’s successful completion.

In an organization there will be people designated for managing different knowledge areas of the project. For example to manage scope and collector gather or elicit requirements there will be designated business analysts in consultation with the project manager. To manage time there can be a separate department for scheduling. Similarly there can be a quality department and a quality manager. Risk manager to manage risk. Human resource manager, communication manager and procurement manager to manage their respective areas. But ultimately it is the responsibility of the project manager to coordinate with these officials and to integrate all these functions towards the successful completion of the project within the scope, budget and on time. That is Integration Management.

Therefore this knowledge area is Primarily concerned with effectively integrating the processes in all other project knowledge areas like, scope, time, cost, quality, human resource, communication, risk, procurement and stakeholder management within the project management process groups. And these are required to accomplish project   objectives   within    an organization’s defined procedures and achieving customer satisfaction. Which intern requires ongoing communication with the customer to keep the customer informed about the progress of the project time to time and to determine whether expectations have changed or achieved until the successful closing of the project. The approach will be different depending upon the (Predictive, Iterative or Agile) project life cycle.

First process in this knowledge area is to Develop Project Charter, which comes under initiation process group. There are only two processes in initiation process groups. The other process comes in the initiation process group is “identify stake holders” which is coming under the stakeholder management knowledge area.

The project charter is the document that formally authorizes a   project,   and   provides   the   project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to the project activities. The key benefit is a well-defined project start and project boundaries, creation of a formal record of the project & a direct way for senior management to formally accept and commit to the project.


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About the Author

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Dr. T D Jainendrakumar, PhD, MCA, PMP is an international PMP trainer, EX-Scientist/Principal Scientist/Joint Director, N.I.C, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, Government of India, Madhyapradesh. He has over 25 years’ of extensive experience in the areas of IT Project management in e-governance at Ernakulam District Collectorate, District Courts of Kerala, Central Administrative Tribunal Ernakulam, Rajeev Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (400 crore project), New Delhi and Principal Systems Analyst in National Informatics Centre, Madhya Pradesh State Centre especially in the following areas of specialization: IT practice management (Project Management Methodologies, Tools and techniques, Standards & Knowledge);IT Infrastructure Management (Project Governance, Assessment, Organisational Instructions & Facilities and Equipments); IT-Resource Integration Management (Resource Management, Training & Education, Career Development & Team Development);IT-Technical Support (Project Mentoring, Project Planning, Project Auditing and Project Recovery); and Business Alignment Management (Project Portfolio management, Customer Relationship Management, Vendor Management & Business performance management).

Teaching Project Management & ICT Subjects for professionals and post graduates. Master of Computer Applications (MCA), a 3 year post graduate course dealing with software Engineering and Project Management from a premier institute Anna University Campus. He is a PMP of PMI USA since 2008. Resource person of PMI, you can see his name in the PMBOK 4th edition and 5th edition published by PMI, USA under the list of contributors for project management. Scored 4.11 out of 5 in the project management (2005) examination conducted by brainbench.com, secured a Masters Certificate in Project Management, and is one among the top scorers (First in India and 3rd position in the world in the experienced category).

Published many international journal papers in PM World Today having cumulative index factors more than 2 in the areas of specialization of Project Management & Information Technology.

Holding a Hon’ Doctorate from Cosmopolitan University, USA in Project Management & Information Technology. Presently working as an independent project management consultant and an International Project management (PMP) trainer. Provided PMP training to the senior officials of big MNCs like M/S. Earnest & Young and He is a visiting professor and sharing his knowledge and experience and to handle classes in Management Information Systems, Quality Management, Project Management and Software Engineering to some of the big universities. He can be contacted at [email protected].