PMS, Managerial and Cultural Barriers to Agile Implementation in Indian IT Project-based Organizations


By Subhashish Sengupta, PMP


Dr. Debashish Sengupta

Bangalore, India

Literature Review

What is Agile Project Management? 

Agile project management is an iterative approach towards managing all the phases in a project lifecycle. Unlike waterfall model where the phases are managed in a sequential order, agile project management can have all phases of the project repeated iteratively throughout the project lifecycle in the form of small increments or sprints which are directed towards completing a small portion of the overall delivery. Due to this incremental model and iterative approach, Agile provided much more flexibility in managing projects where the requirements are not very clear at the beginning of the project or where there are possibilities of changes in requirements throughout the lifecycle of the project (PMHut, 2008).

Agile project management ensures that the stakeholder involvement is extremely high leading to better efficiency and more cost effective and reliable solutions. The biggest advantage of Agile project management is the ability provided to the project manager to respond to various changes related to the project which can sometimes be crucial towards delivering projects successfully (Rouse, 2011).

The key aspects related to Agile Project Management are as follows (Tutorialspoint, 2014)-

  • Agile project management is about having all roles needed to deliver are a part of one team. Hence all roles needed should be in the same team in an Agile context.
  • The communication needs in Agile Project Management is extremely high. The team needs to interact and take stock of the progress on a daily basis. Besides open and honest communication is one of the essential pillars in Agile Project Management.
  • The entire delivery is split into shorter cycle or sprints 

Application of Agile in IT project based organizations

The whole idea behind introducing Agile into IT development was to be able to develop software in a better and much more efficient way thereby reducing the wastage and making the process of software development much more efficient.

The Agile software development is governed by the Agile manifesto which was written in the year 2001. The Agile manifesto is based on the following 4 governing principles (Beck, et al., 2001):


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About the Authors

pmwj18-jan2014-senguptas-titus-PHOTO1 SUBASHISHSubhashish Sengupta, PMPflag-india


PMP Pro & Project Manager

Bangalore, India


Subhashish Sengupta is a certified Project Management Professional (PMP®). He has over 15 years of work experience in the IT industry and his key strengths are in Project Development & Management, Delivery management, Project Analysis & Design. He currently works as Project Manager. He has played a leading role in coming-up with recommendations on implementing Agile in the Indian IT scenario. He has received several awards in his career and was awarded the ‘Star performer of the Year’ award for his professional contributions. Besides his present role, Subhashish also has interests in practice-oriented research, especially in the area of Project Management. Email: [email protected]

pmwj31-Feb2015-Senguptas-AUTHOR2Dr. Debashish Senguptaflag-india


Alliance School of Business, Alliance University

Bangalore, India



Dr. Debashish Sengupta currently works as a Professor in Organizational Leadership & Strategy Area with Alliance School of Business, Alliance University, Bangalore (India). Dr. Debashish Sengupta is the author of a Crossword bestseller book – ‘Employee Engagement’ (Wiley India, 2011). The book has been cited by KPMG in its report ‘Post Merger People Integration’ (2011). He has also authored four other books – ‘Business Drama’ (Zorba, 2014), ‘Human Resource Management’ (Wiley India, 2012) ‘You Can Beat Your Stress’ (Excel Books, 2007) and ‘FMI’ (Excel Books, 2010). He has been a book reviewer for the prestigious Emerald Group Publishing, London (U.K.). He is an avid researcher and has won best paper awards and best young researcher award for his research works. He occasionally writes columns, articles and case studies for reputed business publications. He writes a professional blog on people engagement – http://www.peopleengagement.blogspot.in Dr. Sengupta is a much sought speaker at various business forums and a resource person in several MDPs, corporate training programs. His invited talk on ‘Engaging Gen Y’ for the entire HR fraternity of Tata Consultancy Services, Bangalore was contributory in design of a Gen Y policy of the company. Email: [email protected] Twitter: @d_sengupta