Patriotism and Integrity are Critical Success Factors

for Nigeria’s National Egalitarianism



By O. Chima Okereke, PhD

UK and Nigeria



In project management, critical success factors are activities that have to be completed to a high standard in order to achieve the goals of a project. Nigeria will have a general election on 16th February 2019. This is a national project with the definite goal of electing a new federal government and state governments. Every patriotic Nigerian will pray that the deliverable from the project should be a government which has the goal of turning Nigeria into an egalitarian nation. The relevance of egalitarianism is the desirability that all Nigerians are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities. At this time, the concept is an illusion because we do not have equality among Nigerians nor do we have equality of opportunities.

In this paper, we shall review some of the conditions in Nigeria in 2018 and then make concluding comments.

A Review of some of the conditions in Nigeria in 2018

  1. Unemployment

Nigeria’s unemployment numbers increased by nearly 30 percent in 2018 to 16 million, according to a November report by the National Bureau of Statistics. It is also feared that another two million are expected to be unemployed by the end of the year.  The writer states that less than forty percent of Nigeria’s nearly 200 million people are fully employed [1].

An economist Eze Onyekpere, is quoted as explaining that unemployment cuts across Nigeria’s economy. His statement: “It’s also a product of the policy choices you make in your trade policy, labour policy, in your industrial, even in your education policy, in your health policy. It’s just a demonstration of the faith that people have in your economy and how productive it is and the quality of goods and services you are preparing… producing in the country. So, we have a government, with all the greatest respect, that is virtually clueless about economic policies.”

  1. The country with the most concentration of the world’s poorest people

Our country, Nigeria, has become the country with the highest concentration of the poorest people in the world. A paper for the Brookings Institution thinktank, by three experts associated with the World Poverty Clock launched in 2017, reports that Nigeria overtook India in May 2018 to become the country with the world’s highest number of people – 87 million – living in extreme poverty, in comparison with India’s 73 million people. Quoting the report:


According to our projections, Nigeria has already overtaken India as the country with the largest number of extreme poor in early 2018, …At the end of May 2018, our trajectories suggest that Nigeria had about 87 million people in extreme poverty, compared with India’s 73 million. What is more, extreme poverty in Nigeria is growing by six people every minute, while poverty in India continues to fall” [2].

  1. Nigeria, a country with governments least concerned about inequality in incomes

“Income inequality is one of Nigeria’s most serious but least talked about challenges,” states Matthew Page, formerly the US intelligence community’s leading expert on Africa’s biggest economy. His analysis is backed up by a new global index, produced by Oxfam and Development Finance International, which puts Nigeria outright last, that is number 152  in a list of 152 countries ranked by their “commitment to reducing inequality”. Nigeria’s social spending (on health, education and social protection) is, according to the report, “shamefully low” and “reflected in very poor social outcomes for its citizens” [3].

  1. Minimum wage for the Nigerian worker

A panel of stake holders in Nigeria, including representatives of governors, after exhaustive negotiations agreed on N30,000 per month as the new minimum wage. At the end of the negotiations, the governors argued that they cannot afford to pay the agreed amount. The governors do not appear to be doing enough to reduce inequality “in which the elite class is relentlessly seeking to maintain the status quo by feeding fat on the country to the detriment of the masses.  It is only when the issue of minimum wage arises that we hear of how our government cannot afford figures which they afford over and above when it concerns the elite”.

Can the nation not really afford the minimum wage? The realities of payments that accentuate the inequalities include the following:


To read entire paper, click here


How to cite this article: Okereke, O. C. (2019). Patriotism and Integrity are Critical Success Factors for Nigeria’s National Egalitarianism; PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue II (February).  Available online at https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/pmwj79-Feb2019-Okereke-patriotism-and-integrity-commentary.pdf


About the Author

Chima Okereke, PhD, PMP

Herefordshire, UK




 Dr. O. Chima Okereke, Ph.D., MBA, PMP is the Managing Director and CEO of Total Technology Consultants, Ltd., a project management consulting company working in West Africa and the UK.  He is a visiting professor, an industrial educator, a multidisciplinary project management professional, with over 25 years’ experience in oil and gas, steel and power generation industries. For example, On December 26th 2013, he completed an assignment as a visiting professor in project management; teaching a class of students on Master’s degree in project management in the Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.  In August and September 2013, he conducted an innovative, and personally developed training programme for seventy six well engineers of Shell Nigeria to enhance the efficiency of their operations using project and operations management processes.

Before embarking on a career in consulting, he worked for thirteen years in industry rising to the position of a chief engineer with specialisation in industrial controls and instrumentation, electronics, electrical engineering and automation. During those 13 years, he worked on every aspect of projects of new industrial plants including design, construction and installation, commissioning, and engineering operation and maintenance in process industries.  Chima sponsored and founded the potential chapter of the Project Management Institute (PMI®) in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, acting as president from 2004 to 2010.

Dr. Okereke has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Lagos, and a PhD and Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degree from the University of Bradford in the UK.  He also has a PMP® certification from the Project Management Institute (PMI®) which he passed at first attempt.  He has been a registered engineer with COREN in Nigeria since 1983.  For many years, Total Technology has been a partner for Oracle Primavera Global Business Unit, a representative in Nigeria of Oracle University for training in Primavera project management courses, and a Gold Level member of Oracle Partner Network (OPN. He is a registered consultant with several UN agencies.  More information can be found at http://www.totaltechnologyconsultants.org/.

Chima is the publisher of Project Management Business Digest, a blog aimed at helping organizations use project management for business success.  Dr. Okereke is also an international editorial advisor for the PM World Journal. He can be contacted at [email protected]   or [email protected].

To view other works by Dr. Okereke, visit his author showcase in the PM World Library at https://pmworldlibrary.net/authors/dr-o-chima-okereke/