SPONSORS

SPONSORS

An Overview of Governmental Rehabilitation Programmes in Nigeria

A Project Management Perspective

 

FEATURED PAPER

By Dr. Felix Osita Ikekpeazu and Dr. Uchenna Ajator

Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Anambra State, Nigeria

 



ABSTRACT

This paper addresses the project management issues related to governmental rehabilitation programmes, at the federal level, from a national perspective based on the national geopolitical coverage of the rehabilitation programme of the petroleum Trust fund, PTF, (a program of the military era) and the localized programme of the Niger Delta development commission NDDC, (a programme of the democratic dispensation). It commences with providing an insight into the role of a counter budget, a blueprint for changing national priorities, in the evolution of national rehabilitation programmes. It therefore, underscore the relevance of a counter budget which is designed to open federal spending to broad, public discussion, and the present a comprehensive, economic and political analysis of possible alternatives in the medium term. The paper then proceeds to a methodological review of the programmes of the PTF, Petroleum Trust Fund. It provides an overview of its urban interventions in the area of institutional and infrastructural rehabilitations with emphasis on the scope, process and impact. An overview of the performance of the Nigeria Delta Development commission in terms of rehabilitation programmes is also presented. The paper considers the proposition of the cost-benefit analysis approach to the evaluation of the socio-economic benefits of rehabilitation programmes in Nigeria. Finally, it concludes with the evident contrasts in development, especially in the rehabilitation of physical structures and infrastructure in Nigeria, emanating from different governmental initiatives and policies.

INTRODUCTION

In recent years, institutional rehabilitation programmes have become a national priority in Nigeria due to the advancing levels of physical deterioration of governmental institutional buildings and the associated infrastructure. These rehabilitation programmes span, the last few years of the military regime and then into the present democratic dispensation. From a national perspective, two institutional rehabilitation programmes, namely, the PTF, Petroleum (Special) Trust Fund and the Niger Delta Development Commission, were instituted by the military regime and the new democratic governance respectively. In a chronological sequence, the PTF progammes precede the programmes of the Niger Delta Development Commission.

THE ROLE OF A COUNTERBUDGET IN THE GENESIS OF NATIONAL REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES

The rehabilitation programmes of the military regime towards the last few years of its existence are an emanation of what is usually designated a counterbudget – a blueprint for changing national priorities.

The price of petroleum products was increased by the Federal Government in 1994. In order convince the citizenry of the propriety of the increase, the PTF was established to utilize the accruals from the increase for the resuscitation of social and infrastructural facilities which had become dilapidated as a result of neglect over the years. Indeed, there can be deficiencies in the way that a budget is shaped – deficiencies that, in the absence of reform, reduce the prospects for achieving significant change in our arrangement of priorities. One of the flaws is that budget allocations are often too determined through what might be called the let’s-see-what-we-gave-them-last-year-and-give-them-a-little-more-this-year approach. This practice militates against new ideas and tends to preserve programs that may no longer serve their original purposes. Another flaw is the lack of openness from beginning to end of the budget process. Secrecy reigns. There is little public participation.

The importance of a counter budget is expressed in the book, ‘Counter budget, A Blueprint for Changing National Priorities,’ in which the National Urban Coalition Steering Committee called upon the U.S.A. Federal Government to pursue six major goals, in reordering national priorities as part of the process of a counter budget:

More…

To read entire paper, click here

 



About the Authors


Dr. Felix Ikekpeazu

Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Anambra State, Nigeria

 


Dr. Felix Ikekpeazu
holds a Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arc) and a Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Architecture, specializing in Housing delivery systems. He joined Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Anambra State after serving as Chief Architect at the Enugu State Housing Development Corporation. He is currently a senior Lecturer in the Department of Architecture. His research interests are in Housing delivery systems, Green buildings and energy efficiency in buildings. Dr. Ikekpeazu is a registered Architect and has published in many local and international journals. He can be contacted at [email protected]

 


Dr. Uchenna Ajator

Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Anambra State, Nigeria

 


Dr. Uchenna Ajator
is an associate professor in the Department of Quantity Surveying, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, with vast experience in consultancy and construction. He also has also written a number of books on quantity surveying and cost management of oil and gas projects which has contributed immensely to the development of students and the quantity surveying profession in Nigeria. Ajator can also be described as a philanthropist, with numerous book donations to the university. His research interests are in cost engineering, construction economics and project cost control. He is a fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (FNIQS) and a registered member of the Quantity Surveyors Registration Board of Nigeria (QSRBN). You can reach him on [email protected]