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Global Project Management Challenges

FEATURED PAPER

by Adam Alami

Australia


Abstract

The project methodology as a body of knowledge is formulated on the basis of the assumption that projects are executed in situations where the project teams are co-located. Although the existing literature indicates having conducted extensive study into the distributed teams, communication, and coordination, it is evident that there has been exploration and analysis on the various elements of distributed projects. The study is a single case study research that investigated project execution in a global setting. The findings propose that the traditional project implementation is not an excellent fit for global projects. The participants of the project are people who hail from different backgrounds, varied work cultures, and bespoke project execution processes. The findings suggest that a global project with two distinct execution processes divertes the teams’ energy toward the implementation rather than the project goals and the business defined outcome.

Introduction

Globalization is understood as the advancement of the human requirement to interconnect on a global basis. In the past, people have interacted over long distances, mostly through analogue ways. As a process, globalization simultaneously affects as well as being influenced by some factors, business and work milieu, economic, social, and political resources being among them. It involves the coordination of the global projects in an interconnected manner.

The development of transportation and communication networks across the globe has rapidly intensified globalization. However, access to new markets, knowledge, and expertise has been the primary catalyst of global business. There have been various motives behind the recourse to global services, such as cost efficiency, the availability of a qualified skill set beyond the confined location of a firm, and the need to shift focus to core competencies. There is an increase in the driving factor towards global services.

Binder (2009) defines a global project as an undertaking by an enterprise that is structured with concrete and involving manifold teams or distinct enterprises unveiling a wide geographic dispersion. Global projects include sophisticated implementation where the relationship of involved parties is multifaceted. Moreover, every party privy to the project has an absolute role as well as the position of the hierarchy influence.

According to Binder (2009), many companies rush to establish global teams without full comprehension of the consequences of transferring work to different nations and cultures. Workers in diverse cultures and time zones will tend to experience communication and language barriers at the workplace. Moreover, the location of various global teams will have a profound impact on the execution of the project.

The research undertaking delves into Global Project Management in real-life situations. The variables under study are situational and thus suitable as case studies for the research. People’s beliefs and knowledge are also a basis for drawing conclusions. The literature has extensively studied the challenges of distributed projects. However, there has been inadequate consideration of the project execution process utilized in globally distributed projects.

Global Project Management is either executed with a consolidated process or fragmented processes. Consolidated process refers to one process employed by all distributed teams with a standard project plan, structure, synchronized activities, and shared deliverables. Fragmented execution is where each party participating in the project runs its execution process in isolation of the other parties. Dependencies across the teams’ deliverables are known and managed, and updates are shared amongst the teams.

This research focuses on the study of a fragmented project execution method of a global project. The aim is to identify the challenges of this project execution style and the critical parameters that influence the execution process.

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About the Author

pmwj40-Nov2015-Alami-PHOTOAdam Alami

Sydney, Australia

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Adam Alami is a seasoned IT consultant with over 18 years’ experience. Business Analysis and Project Management is his passion. His experience revolved around major business transformation projects. He is a versetail IT professional. He accumulated a wealth of cross industry experience with Tier 1 businesses in major projects in the areas of Enterprise Transformation, Integration, Migration, and Systems Modernization.

He has a track of academic achievements. He holds a Bachelor degree in Software Engineering from the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM) and a Master degree in Computing from the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS).

Adam has a passion for research. His research interests are IT Offshoring, Global Project Managements, Banking Technology, Business Analysis, Information Technology and Culture, Enterprise Innovation and Business Solutions.

Email: [email protected]

Website: http://www.adamalami.com/