Building Information Modelling’s impact

on claims in construction projects



by Maxime Béquin

SKEMA Business School

Lille, France



With the growth of complex and large projects, claims are a subject more and more discussed in the construction sector. Building information modelling (BIM) is also getting more and more attention since professionals are wondering what are the impacts of such a method on construction projects.

More precisely, we will try to find out in this paper the impact of BIM on claims. To do so, we compared different alternatives based on well-defined attributes in order to assess which one fit the best to the question at hand.

The 5th dimension of BIM which is related both to planning and cost proved to be impacting both on the occurrence and on the support of claims. However, such impact can only be reached by following best practice. That is the reason why organisations should adopt BIM step by step and use it adequately in order to benefits for its many advantages.

Key words: BIM, Construction, Delays, Claims, Project.


A project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result[1]. Such result cannot be reached exactly as planned which means that change is an ineluctable consequence to any construction project. Any form of change will lead to a relatively strong negative financial impact for one or the other partie involved. As a result, a partie is entitled to claim a financial compensation; that is the reason why claims are quite likely to occur, and more particularly in complex projects.

As construction projects are getting more complex, the number of claims occurring in such projects is getting even higher. Many different ways to prevent such claims from arising are already being used in all kind of projects; we can find tools such as the work breakdown structure (WBS) which gives a better management control by providing pieces of information over the budget, the planning and the scope of a project. However, since no methods have been proven to eradicate claims in a project, researchers are still looking for a solution to this matter.          

BIM is the process of creating and developing virtual design and construction illustrating the whole project’s life cycle.[2] The difference between BIM and any other project management tool is that BIM solves the scheduling problem. As we know, before issuing a claim for time delay, the party must undertake a delay analysis; since BIM links directly the construction modelling with the construction planning while having a collaborative nature, we can easily assume that it may either reduce the number of claims in a project or be used to support such claims. However, the collaborative nature may also be one of BIM limits or at least its constraints. Indeed, in several organisation, best practices are not always followed and it is unlikely that such organisations will act differently while using BIM. As a result site records might not be kept properly and thus the BIM advantages might inevitably be lost.

Therefore we will try to find out in this paper the effect of BIM on the occurrence of claims and we will also focus our study on how BIM can be used to resolve a common problem in this environment. In other words, we will try to understand to what extent BIM may impact claims and thus disputes in construction projects.

            Step 1 – Objective statement

The author in this paper is going to try to answer the following questions:

  1. What are the impacts of building information modelling on claims in construction projects?
  2. What are the limits of building information modelling?


To read entire paper, click here


Editor’s note: Student papers are authored by graduate or undergraduate students based on coursework at accredited universities or training programs.  This paper was prepared as a deliverable for the course “International Contract Management” facilitated by Dr Paul D. Giammalvo of PT Mitratata Citragraha, Jakarta, Indonesia as an Adjunct Professor under contract to SKEMA Business School for the program Master of Science in Project and Programme Management and Business Development.  http://www.skema.edu/programmes/masters-of-science. For more information on this global program (Lille and Paris in France; Belo Horizonte in Brazil), contact Dr Paul Gardiner, Global Programme Director [email protected].

How to cite this paper:

Béquin, M. (2018). Building Information Modelling’s impact on claims in construction projects, PM World Journal, Volume VII, Issue 5, May 2018. https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/pmwj70-May2018-Bequin-bim-impact-on-claims-in-construction-projects-student-paper.pdf


About the Author

Maxime Béquin

Lille, France


Maxime Béquin
is a student in 5th year at ITEEM a school of engineers, managers, contractors.  Soon graduated from an « Entreprise architecture » master at Central Lille and a master of « Project and Programme Management and Business Development » at the Skema Business School. Versatile, self-motivated and adaptable student in the fields of engineering and management with 10 years of international experience, including in China, North Africa and Central America. Provided with strong interpersonal skills, an ease to communicate and values such as reliability, productivity and social intelligence.

Having moved many times in France and abroad, he spent 7 years in France before moving to Tunisia for 7 years. Then, he moved to Shanghai for 4 years where he graduated from high school. Finally, He came back to France in order to follow an engineering and business formation. During his studies he was also competing as a professional in horse riding; Maxime was ranked first of Tunisia and won multiples international competitions in Shanghai.

In the school framework he did several internships.  He worked in Panama for 8 months in the legal sector where he was in charge of contractual communication with clients and subcontractors resolving conflicts up to 1 million dollars; he also participated in contract negotiations and in the study of claims. He also worked as a seller in Boulanger which is a  French brand in the multimedia sector; he was ranked in the top 10 of best sellers on a national level.


[1] Project Management Institute. (2017). What is a project. In A guide to the project management body of knowledge (PMBOK guide) Sixth edition: Agile practice guide (6th ed.).

[2] AlFadha, A. (2014, November). Can multidimensional WBS be the solution for IT project issues?. Retrieved from https://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/pmwj28-nov2014-AlFadha-multidimensional-wbs-Featured-Paper2.pdf