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Building Information Modelling Impact on Contracts

STUDENT PAPER

By Ilias Hafsi

SKEMA Business School

Paris, France

 



ABSTRACT

Nowadays many Contractual Frameworks in the Construction and Building take in consideration BIM Life-Cycle within Projects; however, the problem is as there are some of the Contracts that work for BIM, there are others that complicate its use with some Regulations and Terms. That raises issues of enforceability and integration of BIM within projects. Hence, in this paper the authors will use Disjunctive Reasoning with non-compensatory methods of Multi-Attribute Decision Matrix to compare and analyze the different contracts that are favorable to the use of BIM : NEC 3 (New Engineering Contracts), JCT (Joint Contract Tribunal), PPC2000 (Project Partnering Contract) and CIOB (Chartered Institute of Building). The results of the comparisons and analysis will give insight about all the aspects considered in Contract Integration of BIM and what should Senior Managers choose in which situations.

Key Words:  Contract – Collaboration – BIM – Modelling – Integration – Communication – ERP – Information Systems – Middleware

INTRODUCTION

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. Since its adoption in the 70s, Building Information Modeling Sub-Contractors have been happy and satisfied by the concept. Therefore, many research studies on how to improve Contract Management to better fit and integrate BIM have been conducted, and conversely there have been research on how to better develop BIM to adapt to the Contractual Frameworks of Construction and Building industry. Therefore, nowadays many Contractual Frameworks in the Construction and Building take in consideration BIM Life-Cycle within Projects; however, the problem is as there are some of the Contracts that work for BIM, there are others that complicate its use with some Regulations and Terms. That raises issues of enforceability and integration of BIM within projects.

The author will start by first defining crystal clear the problems in BIM and Contracts relativity and impact relationships and the outcomes estimated, which will give the author the possibility to propose, assess then choose the right alternatives, the author will then review the outcomes results and assess the benefits this research will bring to the organization.

As many agree that BIM should not be integrated in the main contract documents, what are the main issues which incurred this decision? What can be changed in contracts to integrate BIM? What can be engineered in BIM to integrate contracts? Will integrating BIM in the main contract documents improve the project processes and delivery? The author will use this article to address the questions raised and provide findings with the appropriate tools.

The problem addressed here will be then about making a decision in choosing the best fit contract to integrate BIM with the help of Multi Attribute Decision Matrix tool.

METHODOLOGY

  • Feasible Alternative Solutions

o   Alternative Solutions

The following Contracts are the list of feasible alternative solutions for integrating BIM into contract documents:

–        NEC3 (New Engineering Contracts)

–        PPC2000 (Project Partnering Contracts)

–        JCT (Joints Contract Tribunal)

–        CIOB (Chartered Institute of Building) Contract

 

More…

To read entire paper, click here

 

Editor’s note: Student papers are authored by graduate or undergraduate students based on coursework at accredited universities or training programs.  This paper was prepared as a deliverable for the course “International Contract Management” facilitated by Dr Paul D. Giammalvo of PT Mitratata Citragraha, Jakarta, Indonesia as an Adjunct Professor under contract to SKEMA Business School for the program Master of Science in Project and Programme Management and Business Development.  http://www.skema.edu/programmes/masters-of-science. For more information on this global program (Lille and Paris in France; Belo Horizonte in Brazil), contact Dr Paul Gardiner, Global Programme Director [email protected].




About the Author


Ilias Hafsi

Paris, France

 



Ilias Hafsi
is a Master of Science student in SKEMA Business School, major in Project and Programme Management & Business Development (PPMBD). He graduated from International Institute for Higher Education in Morocco (IIHEM) in Rabat, Morocco. He holds an Engineering degree in Industrial Engineering. In 2016, he wrote his Engineering Thesis Waste Management Planning on Fermented Yogurts in Centrale Danone Salé, a Moroccan subsidiary Factory of the French Multinational Food-Products Corporation Danone. He has both Project Management and Engineering background. He lives in Paris, France now, and can be contacted at [email protected].