Alternate energy project plan in Africa – why failure?


By Md. Moshfaqur Rahman



The African continent is a full of desert & sunny climate. Also it has good shore lines – these all can be used got solar & wind combined energy. So the electricity will be cheap & economy will be healthy. But when it’s a question of projects – most of time they failed. We will discuss this.

Operational limitation

The sun & wind are the available & secure alternate energy sources. But these technologies are developing; I’ve an experience about failure for pattern of weather – if it’s foggy, less solar electricity. The wind turbine might be helpful but it needs 15 km wind speed at least for the full production (100%) and a 19 mile radius of open field needed, so operational in on & off shore but not in desert.

Now regions in Africa have desert & shore both, but we have to count this as divided by country borders. A continental grid could be the answer. Power grid lines have limitation but the system is developing so problems will be overcome. We have to put our efforts into political solutions – because those governments made a pact & continental electrical grid is possible; then everything is easy. (Source: http://www.windustry.org/wind-basics/wind-resources)

The factor of politics – this is tough to settle down. Now we can divide governments into three groups, by the availability of sun & wind: 1) only sun, 2) only wind, & 3) sun and wind combo.

1)    Only sun: these will be desert countries that have no option for wind electricity.

2)    Only wind: murky weather & no option for solar.

3)    Sun & wind combo: they have sun & wind both.

The only sun governments are the desert climate countries, a good source for electricity – also they can sell electricity to their murky weather neighbors. Their domestic economy will be cheap than hydro carbon sources. But they have to rely on wind at night.

Only wind is murky weather, so they have to take back up from desert.

The sun & wind combo are only solvent & have excess electricity. They can sell excess & be solvent in power.


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About the Author

pmwj25-aug2014-Rahman-AUTHORMd. Moshfaqur Rahman flag-bangladesh


Md. Moshfaqur Rahman, from Bangladesh, has interest in corporate, government & emerging technology. He has Bachelor & Masters degrees in Social Sciences – major Political Science – and is a regular writer on public policy. At this moment he is working with Solar & Wind electricity – the alternative technologies, having both failure & success. This is a new dimension but this is the future. For contact by e-mail: [email protected];

Public Profile at http://bd.linkedin.com/pub/moshfaqur-rahman/31/70a/877