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How to Affectively Change the World

FEATURED PAPER

By Celso Ramos (IPMA Brasil), Edson Marinho (PM4NGOs), Juliana Cariello (IPMA Brasil), Pietro Guedes (IPMA Brasil), and Luiz Rocha (IPMA Brasil)

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


INTRODUCTION

On September 2015 the United Nations adopted 17 sustainable goals to transform the world by 2030. These goals are related to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as shown below.

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For the goals to be reached everyone needs to do their part: governments, private sector, and civil society. Globally, thousands of organizations, even before the release of these goals, have been working on many of the themes. Together, these organizations form an extremely heterogeneous group but differ in an array of ways. Some are government affiliated, others bilateral or multilateral agencies; many are associated with educational institutions, and most are non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Nevertheless, while development organizations are heterogeneous and unique in many ways, they all share one thing in common: their main reason to exist is to create social transformation managing their initiatives as projects. The success of all these organizations and the livelihoods and well-being of the hundreds of millions of people they serve depends on their ability to deliver project results effectively and efficiently. These organizations must develop teams to elaborate project proposals, to develop project plans, to implement project activities (many with the essential help of the beneficiary community), and to monitor their progress and evaluate their impact. Unfortunately, project management is rarely identified as a strategic priority for these organizations although a culture of project management should pervade their work.

In 2011 McKinsey-Devex published a survey on Development Agency Effectiveness. Only 36% of those surveyed said that most aid projects achieved their intended impact. The four main areas needing improvement were: planning for financial sustainability, ensuring stakeholder skills to sustain the programme, forward-planning allocations and evidence-based resource allocation.

Aware of the importance of the development sector, IPMA Brasil and PM4NGOs established a partnership to help development organizations create social transformation in an effective way through management by projects in Brazil. On the one hand, IPMA Brasil (IPMABRASIL.org) is a non-profit organization focusing on achieving excellence on projects and programmes through the development of specific competences. On the other hand PM4NGOs (PM4NGOs.com) is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancement in the project management skills of individuals and organizations working in the development sector.

PM4NGOs established a methodology (PMDPRO) which helps development organizations and NGOs organize their initiatives as projects. The main reason for this approach is to adapt the project management approach for the specificalities of the development sector. The goal is to have a standard approach to deal with scarce resources, high risks, unsafe conditions, unstable political and economic environments, and stakeholder complexities which can deliver successful results according to the established objectives and deliver the intended benefits to the targeted population. IPMA Brasil adopted PMDPRO as the reference in helping Brazilian social organizations to develop capabilities and competences in social and development projects.

Development sector projects Characteristics

Development projects usually have less tangible goals. Besides, the results might be less visible and measurable when compared to infrastructure and industrial projects. These are some of their particularities:

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About the Authors

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Celso Ramos

IPMA-Brazil
Rio de Janiero, Brazil

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Celso Ramos
is a professional with 10 years of experience in Java Developer and IBM Websphere Portal. Graduated in Information Technology and postgraduate degree in Management Project. Today he works intensively in the PMO team and the Third Sector of the Young Crew (IPMA). Always studying the area of management project and every day more passionate to learning that discipline. He has the international PMD Pro 1 certification from APMG, focused on Project Management in the Development Sector.

 

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Juliana Cariello

IPMA-Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Juliana Cariello
graduated in Journalism (PUC-Rio), graduated in Administration (CEFET/RJ), postgraduated in Management and Marketing (ESPM / RJ). She has more than 10 years of experience as a freelance reporter and writer in vehicles such as Folha de S. Paulo, Jornal do Brasil, Globo.com, Você S/A. She has four years of experience in projects, as a volunteer, in organizations such as ENACTUS CEFET/RJ, IPMA Brazil and PMI-Rio. Today, she is a freelance journalist, an entrepreneur at Educa Aí and a volunteer project manager for the Third Sector at YC/IPMA Brazil. She has the international PMD Pro 1 certification from APMG, focused on Project Management in the Development Sector.

 

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Pietro Guedes

IPMA-Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Pietro Guedes
is a professional with 10 years of experience in IT, projects and services.  Bachelor of Computer Science at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), has a postgraduate degree in IT Management, Expert in Project Management, Service Management, Governance and Software Development. He is also certified: PMP – Project Management Professional – PMI; IPMA-D Certified Project Management Associate – IPMA; ITIL Foundation Certificate in IT Service Management – Exin; IT Service Management Foundation based on ISO IEC 20000 – Exin; CobiT Foundation Certificate – ISACA ; Microsoft Certified Technical Specialist (MCTS) in Microsoft Project; Professional Scrum Master – PSM I – Scrum.org; Information Security Foundation based on ISO/IEC 27002 – Exin; Oracle Certified Professional Java SE Programmer – OCJP – Oracle.  Professor at the university PUC-Rio and Infinet.


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Edson Marinho

PM4NGOS
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Edson Marinho
is the PM4NGOs Operations Manager, the director and founder of Teoria da Prática, a Brazilian project management for development consultancy, an associate facilitator of LINGOs and a senior member of the Brazilian PMDPro Trainers Network.International Relations Bachelor, Distance Learning post-graduate, Project Management post-graduate and PMDPro Levels 1 and 2 certified, Edson is an experienced and passionate Project Manager with over than 13 years’ experience in managing large and complex projects as well simultaneously multiple small projects. He has worked at like ChildFund, World Vision, and Ética Fairtrade.

 

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Luiz Rocha

IPMA-Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Luiz Rocha
has 35+ years of experience in the industry and business consulting. Luiz worked with Andersen Consulting and Delloite in the US and Europe when he had the opportunity to manage multi-cultural and geographically dispersed projects in Latin America, North America and Europe. In Brazil Luiz worked for 5 years as Project Director with Dinsmore Associates and 23 years with Petrobras, the Brazilian Oil & Gas company. Luiz is an engineer by background, MSc. in industrial engineering from UFRJ – Brazil, and certifications PMP, IPMA-C, and Prince2 Practitioner. He is also a published author. His three latest books are Enterprise Project Governance published by AMACOM in the USA (co-authored with Paul Dinsmore);Brasport in Brazil, Business Metamorphosis in Brazil; and Mount Athos: A Journey of Self-Discovery in the USA.Luiz is presently IPMA-Brazil vice president and professor at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He can be contacted at [email protected]