Threats Management Principles for Development Programs of High Technology Industries in Turbulent Environment
By Prof Dr Sergey Bushuyev; Denis Bushuyev, PhD; Ruslan Yaroshenko, PhD; and Lyubava Chernov
A system of threats in the development of knowledge-intensive industries based on the images in the format of “bubbles” was considered in this article. Analysis of existing models and methods of threat management development programs within such industry was performed. A three-level model of the high technology production within institutional, managerial and technical levels was also considered. Classification of threats in high-tech industries development programs was determined, based on their reaction – deviations (reactive) and resentment (proactive). An immune mechanism as a response to threats and challenges in the development programs was also considered. Key unit diagnostic mechanisms and critical threats, which belong to the field of Pareto, working out alternative scenarios for threat management, the formation of a full immune response to a threat to the region Pareto taking into account their mutual influence and realization of immune response in the form of high-tech industry development project were all considered in the article.
Keywords: management mechanism; development programs; turbulent environment; immune reaction
The rapid development of project and program management methodologies requires the creation of innovative models, methods and mechanisms based on the convergence of different subject field knowledge. Over billions of years nature has created a variety of living organisms with unique survival mechanisms in dynamic and sometimes aggressive environment. Some of such mechanisms are protective (immune) mechanisms, which develop special reaction to the threats. The process of knowledge transfer from one domain to another was formed in the 1950s, within the similarity theory of mechanical, electrical and biological systems.
- Analysis of recent achievements and publications
Let’s consider the use of different methods of analysis of threats, including self-test, in the development of project-oriented systems.
Diagnostics in the context of life cycles analyses of products, technologies of production, management processes of operations, business development and implementation, is usually carried out in the framework of management system using the model of the project-oriented organization life cycle (Prigogine, 2009). When threats of an organisation are analysed, whether this is done by personnel themselves, or using the help of specialised consultants, it determines the position of the organisation in its development, its passed crisis points and its expected further development (Azarov, 2012). In the process of forming a development programme for high-tech production, complementary chains of projects are formed based on certain horizons of vision. At each step of the process there is a clarification of project’s vision and corresponding synchronization.
The use of diagnostic tools depends on the development strategies for the project-oriented organization and the state of the context. Thus, the strategy of a breakout in the development of new markets and the competitive edge is stipulated with the high level of innovation of influential competitor in the market segment of knowledge-intensive industries. Identification of positive reaction in management processes is one of the elements of the concept of growth cycle and allows to look at the balance of efforts and dynamics of competition in current market conditions, to identify and classify growth accelerators – factors that ensure sustainable development of high-tech industry, and to provide managers with a new tool for modelling corporate strategy (Kerzner, 1998).
When analysing threats, an organization is considered at the following levels:
About the Authors
Kiev National University of Construction and Architecture
Sergey Bushuyev, PhD, Dr. Sc., is Professor at Kiev National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA) in Kiev, Ukraine, Honorary Scientist of Ukraine, Laureate of National Scientific Award, and Honorary member of IPMA .
Professor Bushuyev is Head of the Department of Project management at KNUCA, specializing in Strategic Project Management and Organizational Development. He is also founder and President of the Ukrainian Project Management Association (www.UPMA.Kiev.ua) and founder of the Project Management Academy in Ukraine (1999).
Sergey studied at Kyiv Engineering-Construction Institute, faculty of Automation and Information Technology (1970), PhD (1973), Dr.Sc. (1986), Professor (1988), and honorary Scientist and Technician of Ukraine (2003). He served as Founder and President of the Ukrainian Project Management Association (UPMA) (1993); active member of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996); Head of Project Management Department (1997); Adjunct Professor at University of Technology Sydney, Australia (2002); visiting Professor at ESC Lille, France(2003); Member of Certification Validation Management Board of the International Project Management Association – IPMA (1997); Ukrainian Academy of Sciences – Active member (2003); and St. Petersburg Academy of Engineering Science (Russia, 1998) – Active member.
Dr. Bushuyev has published more than 200 scientific books and articles. He is a member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Project Management published by IPMA, and for several other national and international Journals. He has read lectures and taught courses at Bremen University in Germany; at the Economic Development Institute of the World Bank in Washington, DC, USA; at the Bratislava Technical University in Slovakia; at Strasclaide University of Glasgow, Scotland in the UK; in the Total Quality Management program in Sweden; at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration in Austria; at the Lograno University in Spain; Poland University of Business Administration; and at Brno University in the Czech Republic.
Since 1975, Dr. Bushuyev has prepared 40 candidates for Science (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Science in Development Information Management Systems and Project Management. Since 1996 he has been responsible for preparing more than 2500 candidates for Masters of Science degrees in Project Management. Recipient of an Award as the best professor of Ukraine in 1987. Prof Bushuyev can be contacted at Sbushuyev@ukr.net
Kiev National University of Construction and Architecture
Denis Bushuyev graduated with master’s degree in the specialty of project management in 2012. From 2012 to 2015 he studied at the post graduate department of project management. In February 2015 he defended his PhD thesis. Since 2015 is associate professor of information technology Kiev National University of Construction and Architecture (KNUCA). Denis Bushuev, PhD, is Associate professor of the Information Technology Department at KNUCA, specializing in topic of Organization Pathology in Project Management and Organizational Development. He is also executive director of the Project Management Academy (Founded 1999). Dr. Denis Bushuev has published more than 30 scientific books and articles. He can be contacted at mailto:email@example.com
Ruslan Yaroshenko holds a PhD in Technical Sciences from Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine. He also has MSc in International Marketing and BA in Business Administration, both from Strathclyde University in Glasgow, Scotland, UK. He also holds Bachelors and Masters of Law degrees from Kyiv National Economic University in Ukraine. Dr. Yaroshenko previously worked at The State Export-Import Bank of Ukraine (Ukreximbank) in Kyiv where he served as Head of Investment Banking, Head of the Division of Natural Monopolies and Strategic Enterprises, Specialist in Department of Organization of Workflow with the Ministry of Infrastructure, and Economist in Department of International Borrowing. He is now working, consulting and conducting research in the field of project management. Dr. Yaroshenko can be contacted at mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org
National University of Shipbuilding
Liubava S. Chernova graduated from Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding in 2015. She is working now as the post-graduate student at the Project Management Academic Department of the University. The total amount of the published papers is more than forty including three monographs. Her academic interests are the issues of project management of the high technology enterprises and development prospects of the high technology companies. She can be contacted at email@example.com .