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Guidelines for Delay Control in Construction Projects

FEATURED PAPER

By Prof. Dr. Mostafa Hassan Aly Kotb
Al Azhar University, Egypt

Dr. Eng. Moustafa Ismail Abu Dief, Ph.D, CFCC™
ZAMIL Group, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Hatem Shaker El Beheiry
Al Azhar University, Egypt

Eng. Ahmed Saad M. Kafafi
ZAMIL Group, Saudi Arabia

 


ABSTRACT

Project time is one element of construction project triple constraints, which include time, scope and cost so, different researchers shaded the light on the significant factors which may affect the project duration and cause delay or disruption. It is appropriate to identify the need to distinguish between delay and disruption of the projects. Projects may be very badly disrupted without the completion date being affected but construction delay is often responsible for making the project time to be prolonged, causing different losses to the projects. Consequently, the necessity of   delays mitigation and control has risen because it usually has an impact on projects cost, depending on who is culpable either the owner or the contractor, they will have to pay to control either delay or disruption. Minimizing the adverse impact of delay calls the developed mitigation measures to avoid the criticality of the inevitable project’s delay. The aim of the study is to present some mitigation measures for risks of delay in construction projects which are considered on the standard forms of construction contracts such as the international Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) and The New Engineering Contract(NEC3) through identification of the responsibilities of each party and providing the guidelines for delay control process .

  1. Introduction

Despite the great effort that has been put into the evolution of construction project planning and control during the recent decades, the delay is still a common feature of construction projects. Extended delays often result in adversarial relationships between construction industry (owners, contractors, consultants, etc.): cash flow problems, distrust, litigation, and etc. Projects frequently finish late and/or over budget, thus causing organizations heavy losses and damaging their reputation. Moreover, as projects are hardly ever completed without introducing making changes to their original baseline plan, a major challenge is to accurately estimate the project delivery time, while understanding the effects of other factors that create the discrepancy between estimated and actual project completion times. Thus, the intention of this research is to quantify the factors affecting duration extensions and to present mitigation measures which help in controlling and managing projects delay. The delays control can be achieved by adopting the process of knowledge management and project learning which gives insight into the various problems and their solutions. In fact, the lessons learned feedback from projects is a real eye opener and helpful for others to avoid similar issues. Delays are of various types and researchers have their own parameters to rate and identify them. Delays have numerous causes which vary from project to project and the causes may be different. Efforts to reduce the delay by mitigation or eliminate the delay by acceleration are measures that can be or may be applicable in some cases and will depend on the projects being considered for those measures.

2. Construction delays types

Construction project delay is the length of time that extends the project duration and causes a disruption in the delivery of project goals and objectives. In construction projects, as well in other projects where a schedule is being used to plan the work, it is the fitting of the final work plan to a time scale and shows the duration and sequence of various construction activities. The owner and the contractor need to have specific deadlines for getting things done. Otherwise, the project may extend for a long time and complete late, so schedules are being prepared to manage and control delays. Before analyzing construction delays, a clear understanding of the general types of delays is necessary. Very broadly, there are two types of delay, delays in activities for which there is programme float available (i.e. they can be delayed without impacting on the completion date) and delays that will impact on the completion date. There are four basic ways to categorize delays as follows:

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About the Authors


Prof Dr. Mostafa Hassan Aly Kotb

Al Azhar University
Cairo, Egypt

                   


Professor Mostafa Hassan Aly Kotb
is a seasoned expert in structural engineering with more than 38 years’ experience as an academic professor in Al Azhar University, Faculty of Engineering, and a project management expert. He can be contacted at Dr_mostafakotb55@yahoo.com

 


Moustafa Ismail Abu Dief, PhD, CFCCTM

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia




Dr. Moustafa Ismail Abu Dief
. Ph.D., FICCP, CFCC™, CCP, PMOC, PMP®, Certified Forensic Claims Consultant, is a project management professional with over 25 years of experience in the field in Egypt and Saudi Arabia, mainly in contract and claims domain. Moustafa is delivering training courses in FIDIC, NEC3 contracts and claims management. Dr. Moustafa Ismail can be contacted at the following:

https://www.linkedin.com/in/moustafa-ismail-a-dief-ficcp-cfcc-ph-d-ccp-pmoc-pmp-93798a16?trk=nav_responsive_tab_profile

mousrafa.ismail@benaa-pm.com

mailto:dr.moustafa@Zamilagc.com

http://www.zbenaa-pm.com/

 

 


Dr. Hatem Shaker El Beheiry

Al Azhar University
Cairo, Egypt

 

 

Dr. Hatem Shaker El Beheiry is an Associate Professor in Al Azhar university in project management domain, he has more than 18 years of experience in the construction management and engineering management. He can be contacted at hatem@bce-eg.com

 


Amed Saad M. Kafafi

Al Azhar University
Cairo, Egypt

 


Ahmed Saad M. Kafafi
, “a candidate for Msc, Al Azhar University”, is a construction engineer with 6 years’ expertise in construction and project management implementation in the buildings sector on governmental facilities. Email: mailto:Ahmed_Kafafe@yahoo.com