By O. Chima Okereke, PhD
Herefordshire, UK and
Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Clean and sustainable energy supply could be obtained from renewable energy sources such as Geothermal, Hydropower, Biomass, Wind and Solar. Africa is rich in a lot of these energy sources. The World Bank reports that the renewable energy potential for Africa could provide more than 170 gigawatts of additional power generation capacity; this is more than double the current power-generation capacity in the continent. Such renewable projects could avoid the production of some 740 million tons of carbon dioxide annually. The total cost of such projects is estimated at $157 billion. The projects are said to be economically viable if carbon revenues are added, explains Massaba Thioye, World Bank senior energy specialist .
The natural question that should follow is whether Africa needs the renewable energy supplies and also their off-grid small scale implementations. Where and how does project management come into this vision for helping to solve Africa’s energy problem?
Answers to these questions are to be explored in this paper. Its main sections are as follows:
- Abundance of renewable energy sources in Africa
- Necessity for the renewable energy supply
- Some- Developments
- Concluding Remark
2. Abundance of renewable energy sources in Africa
A few examples of the abundant renewable energy sources in Africa are listed in the next paragraphs:
- Africa’s economically feasible hydropower potential of 45 GW is nearly one-tenth of the world’s total capacity, says Lucio Monari, the World Bank’s energy sector manager for sub-Saharan Africa. “Less than 10 percent of this potential is being used at present. He explains: “More than 60 percent of Africa’s hydropower potential is concentrated in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia, but alone they cannot afford the multi-billion-dollar investments needed to unlock it”.
- The geothermal potential in the Rift Valley covers 10 countries from Ethiopia to Mozambique. It has the capacity to provide more than 15 GW, enough to electrify 150 million households.
- Wind and solar energy will deliver affordable and dependable electricity across the continent on large grids and micro-grids, in large cities and in small rural villages . Mr Leggett of IRENA considers solar energy vital to Africa’s future; along with wind, it is the continent’s most abundant renewable resource, and currently supplies less than 1 percent of Africa’s electricity.
3. Necessity for Renewable Energy Supply
African nations are chronically short of power. The installed electrical generating capacity for sub-Saharan Africa – excluding South Africa – is said to be about the same as that of Spain. This shortage represents one of the most severe constraints on growth and economic development across the region .
About the Author
Dr. O. Chima Okereke, Ph.D., MBA, PMP is the Managing Director and CEO of Total Technology Consultants, Ltd., a project management consulting company working in West Africa and the UK. He is a visiting professor, an industrial educator, a multidisciplinary project management professional, with over 25 years’ experience in oil and gas, steel and power generation industries. For example, On December 26th 2013, he completed an assignment as a visiting professor in project management; teaching a class of students on Master’s degree in project management in the Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia. In August and September 2013, he conducted an innovative, and personally developed training programme for seventy six well engineers of Shell Nigeria to enhance the efficiency of their operations using project and operations management processes.
Before embarking on a career in consulting, he worked for thirteen years in industry rising to the position of a chief engineer with specialisation in industrial controls and instrumentation, electronics, electrical engineering and automation. During those 13 years, he worked on every aspect of projects of new industrial plants including design, construction and installation, commissioning, and engineering operation and maintenance in process industries. Chima sponsored and founded the potential chapter of the Project Management Institute (PMI®) in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, acting as president from 2004 to 2010.
Dr. Okereke has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Lagos, and a PhD and Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degree from the University of Bradford in the UK. He also has a PMP® certification from the Project Management Institute (PMI®) which he passed at first attempt. He has been a registered engineer with COREN in Nigeria since 1983. For many years, Total Technology has been a partner for Oracle Primavera Global Business Unit, a representative in Nigeria of Oracle University for training in Primavera project management courses, and a Gold Level member of Oracle Partner Network (OPN. He is a registered consultant with several UN agencies. More information can be found at http://www.totaltechnologyconsultants.org/
Chima is the publisher of Project Management Business Digest, a blog aimed at helping organizations use project management for business success. Dr. Okereke is also an international editorial advisor for the PM World Journal and PM World Library. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com